Types of Sewer Utilities
Water and sewer utilities are a major need for all industrial, commercial and residential households in a given area. Industrial, residential and commercial facilities require potable water for a smooth running of their activities hence a water utility system is put in place for providing this water. Waste water generated from the various premises in an area is collected in the sewer utilities where it is carried to a common place for processing or disposal. Water and sewer utilities mostly the pipes carrying the different contents run together in most regions although some sewer utilities run underground. The water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipes to avoid contamination of the potable water in case there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water which is known as sewage is usually transported in sewer utilities to a place where it is either treated or disposed. All waste water from all premises in an area is carried in those sewer utilities as long as it is connected. There are places which make the sewer utilities to accommodate both the sewage and storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Most areas ensure that there are two separate sewer utilities for carrying sewage water and storm water. This is because it is easier to manage sewage water and storm water separately as they contain different types and quantities of waste. Once the sewage water gets into a treatment plant, it is treated to remove organic and inorganic waste material present to make the water safe for release into the environment. Sewer and water utility services are run by one company hence user pay for both services as one to the company. The money collected ensures that the sewer utilities are maintained at all times.
There are also some area that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they use the septic tanks. Septic tanks are either made of concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. Septic tanks are very effective for use in residential areas that produce less wastewater as compared to industrial and commercial premises. The septic tanks also have a mechanism of treating the wastewater disposed of which is then released into the environment. Use of septic tanks requires that one takes some precautionary measure to ensure that it runs smoothly. This includes avoiding disposing too much oil into the septic tanks or dangerous chemicals that are likely to damage the septic tank or even kill bacteria responsible for treating the waste water. In all areas, septic tank are required to be placed underground in such a way that they do not leak or release odors. In many areas, the law requires that the septic tanks be place at least 5 feet from the house.